Int J Biol Macromol. 2021 Mar 22 ;180:684-691. Epub 2021 Mar 22. PMID: 33766590
Anti-glycation effect of Ecklonia cava polysaccharides extracted by combined ultrasound and enzyme-assisted extraction.
The anti-glycation effects of polysaccharides from Ecklonia cava were examined according to extraction method-hot buffer (HP), ultrasound (UP), enzyme (EP), or a combination of ultrasound and enzyme (UEP). The physicochemical properties, monosaccharide compositions, and structural characteristics of the polysaccharides were determined. UP, EP, and UEP had higher fucose and galactose compositions than HP. The FT-IR spectra of samples showed the presence of sulfate esters and 4-sulfate galactose.H NMR indicated that alginate was removed by purification. UP, EP, and UEP possessed higher sulfate contents than HP. UEP presented with the highest extraction yield and lowest protein and uronic acid contents. The levels of AGE formation, as well as fructosamine,α-dicarbonyl, and protein carbonyl contents were determined during a 3-week incubation in a BSA/fructose system. UEP and UP effectively inhibited AGE, although the inhibition effect was lower than that of aminoguanidine. However, UP and UEP showed higher inhibition of fructosamine, α-dicarbonyl, and protein carbonyl than aminoguanidine. AGE formation was negatively correlated with sulfate content and some monosaccharide compositions (fucose, galactose, and glucose), but positively correlated with molecular weight. Overall, the present study suggests that UEP is a suitable extraction method for obtaining anti-glycation agents from E. cava.