Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi. 2017 Jun ;42(12):2361-2365. PMID: 28822194
[Effect of oridonin on apoptosis and intracellular reactive oxygen species level in triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells].
Oridonin, which is an ent-kaurene diterpenoid isolated from traditional Chinese medicine Rabdosia rubescens, displays various bioactivities, including anti-inflammation, anti-bacteria and anti-tumor. This study aimed to investigate the effect of oridonin on apoptosis of triple-negative breast cancer MDA-MB-231 cells and its underlying mechanisms. The inhibitory effect of oridonin on proliferation of MDA-MB-231 cells was measured by MTT assay; Apoptosis was analyzed by flow cytometry with PI staining and Annexin V-FITC/PI staining; Intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) level was determined by ROS detection kit, and expressions of PARP, Bcl-2, caspase-3 were analyzed by Western blot. The results showed that oridonin exhibited a significant effect in inducing apoptosis of MDA-MB-231 cells, enhancing intracellular ROS level, down-regulating expression of Bcl-2 protein, and promoting cleavage of caspase-3 and its substrate PARP. These results indicated that the apoptosis-inducing effect of oridonin on MDA-MB-231 cells might be correlated with increase of intracellular ROS level, down-regulation of Bcl-2 protein and activation of caspase-3.