Biochimie. 2019 Oct ;165:108-114. Epub 2019 Jul 20. PMID: 31336136
Oridonin enhances TRAIL-induced apoptosis through GALNT14-mediated DR5 glycosylation.
Oridonin is a diterpenoid isolated from the Rabdosia rubescens and has multiple biological effects, such as anti-inflammation and anti-tumor activities. In present study, we revealed that the sensitizing effect of oridonin on tumor necrosis factor-related apoptosis-inducing ligand (TRAIL)-induced apoptosis in several cancer cells, but not in normal cells. Oridonin enhanced death-signaling inducing complexes (DISC) formation and DR5 glycosylation without affecting expression of downstream intracellular apoptosis-related proteins. Oridonin upregulated peptidyl O-glycosyltransferase GALNT14 in a dose- and time-dependent manner. Knockdown of GALNT14 by siRNA and Endo H treatment reduced oridonin-induced DR5 glycosylation. Furthermore, treatment with inhibitor of glycosylation (benzyl-α-GalNAc) blocked oridonin plus TRAIL-induced apoptosis. Collectively, our results suggest that oridonin-induced DR5 glycosylation contributes to TRAIL-induced apoptotic cell death in cancer cells.