Aging (Albany NY). 2020 Aug 15 ;12. Epub 2020 Aug 15. PMID: 32805725
Protection of procyanidin B2 on mitochondrial dynamics in sepsis associated acute kidney injury via promoting Nrf2 nuclear translocation.
In septic acute kidney injury (SAKI), the positive feedback between damaged mitochondria and accumulation of reactive oxygen species results in cell and tissue damage through multiple mechanisms. Removing the damaged mitochondria or neutralizing the reactive oxygen species has been considered beneficial to alleviating cell damage. The antioxidant Procyanidin B2 has been reported to inhibits reactive oxygen species and thereby reduces cell injury. However, it is unclear whether this effect is associated with clearance of damaged mitochondria. Here, we evaluated the efficacy of procyanidin B2 on SAKI, and focused on its effects on mitochondrial dynamics and removing damaged mitochondria via mitophagy. The results showed that the renal function, renal tubular cell vacuolization and oxidative stress were decreased in SAKI mice treated with procyanidin B2, moreover, skewed mitochondrial fusion/fission, mitochondrial mediated apoptosis and impaired mitophagy were improved in SAKI mice treated with procyanidin B2. In mechanism, the improvement of procyanidin B2 on mitochondrial dynamics were associated with increased nuclear translocation of the transcription factor, Nrf2. In summary, our findings highlighted that the protective efficacy of procyanidin B2 in reducing cellular damage in SAKI, and mechanisms improving mitochondrial dynamics and quality control at least in part by promoting Nrf2 translocation into the nucleus.