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Sulforaphane protects against oxidative stress‑induced apoptosis via activating SIRT1 in mouse osteoarthritis.

PMID: 

Mol Med Rep. 2021 Aug ;24(2). Epub 2021 Jun 29. PMID: 34184072

Abstract Title: 

Sulforaphane protects against oxidative stress‑induced apoptosis via activating SIRT1 in mouse osteoarthritis.

Abstract: 

Osteoarthritis (OA), the most common form of human joint disease, is characterized by progressive degeneration of the articular cartilage, synovitis and subchondral osteoporosis. Chondrocyte apoptosis is the primary pathogenic mechanism of OA and is considered to be a potential therapeutic target. Sulforaphane (SFN), a dietary isothiocyanate obtained from cruciferous vegetables, has been reported to exert an anti‑apoptotic effect by activating sirtuin 1 (SIRT1). To the best of our knowledge, however, the effects of SFN on apoptotic responses in OA have not been reported. In the present study, SFN was shown to significantly inhibit chondrocyte apoptosis while enhancing expression levels of SIRT1 in a HO‑induced OA mouse model. The anti‑apoptotic effect of SFN was reversed by SIRT1 small interfering RNA, implying that SIRT1 exerted a protective role against the effect of SFN on chondrocytes. The expression levels of C/EBP homologous protein, 78‑kDa glucose regulated protein, Bax, Bcl‑2 andcleaved caspase 3 were found to be downregulated in SFN‑treated mice. Furthermore, SFN ameliorated cartilage degradation in the OA mouse model. These findings indicate that SFN exerted an anti‑apoptotic effect on chondrocytes and ameliorated OAby activating the SIRT1 signaling pathway.

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